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LAWS

The constitution of the Russian Federation
 
Article 2

The person, its rights and freedom are a supreme value. A recognition, observance and protection of the rights and freedom of the person and the citizen - a state duty.
Article 46
1. To everyone judicial protection of its rights and freedom is guaranteed.
 
2. Decisions and actions (or inactivity) public authorities, local governments, public associations and officials can be appealed against in court.
 
Article 48
1. To everyone the right to reception of the qualified legal aid is guaranteed. In the cases provided by the law, the legal aid appears free of charge.
 
2. Each arrested person taken into custody, accused of commission of crime has the right to use the help of the lawyer (defender) since the moment accordingly detention, imprisonment or a charge presentation.
Article 49
1. Everyone accused of commission of crime is considered innocent while its guilt will not be proved in the order provided by the federal law and is established by the sentence which has entered validity of court.
2. Accused is not obliged to prove the innocence.
 
3. Ineradicable doubts in guilt of the person are interpreted in favour of the accused.
 
 
The federal law from May, 31st, 2002 N 63-FZ
"About lawyer activity and legal profession in the Russian Federation"
 
 Article 1. Lawyer activity
 
1. Lawyer activity is the qualified legal aid rendered on a professional basis by persons, received the status of the lawyer in an order established by the present Federal law, physical and to legal bodies (further - principals) with a view of protection of their rights, freedom and interests, and also providing of access to justice.
2. Lawyer activity is not enterprise.

Article 2. The lawyer
1. The lawyer is the person who has received in an order established by the present Federal law the status of the lawyer and the right to carry out lawyer activity. The lawyer is the independent professional adviser for legal questions. The lawyer has not the right to enter labour relations as the worker, except for scientific, teaching and other creative activity, and also to occupy the state posts of the Russian Federation, the state posts of subjects of the Russian Federation, a post of public service and municipal posts.
 
Article 8. Lawyer secret
 
1. Lawyer secret are any data connected with rendering by the lawyer of a legal aid to the principal.
2. The lawyer cannot be caused and interrogated as the witness about the circumstances which have become to it known in connection with reference to it behind a legal aid or in connection with its rendering.
3. Carrying out of operatively-search actions and investigatory actions concerning the lawyer (including in inhabited and the office accommodations used by it for realisation of lawyer activity) it is supposed only on the basis of a judgement.
Received during operatively-search actions or investigatory actions (including after stay or the termination of the status of the lawyer) data, subjects and documents can be used as charge proofs only when they do not enter into manufacture of the lawyer on affairs of its principals. The specified restrictions do not extend on crime tools, and also on subjects which are forbidden to the reference or which turn is limited according to the legislation of the Russian Federation.
 
Article 18. Guarantees of independence of the lawyer
 
1. Intervention in the lawyer activity which is carried out according to the legislation, or preventing of this activity are somehow forbidden.
2. The lawyer cannot be involved in any responsibility (including after stay or the termination of the status of the lawyer) for expressed by it at realisation of lawyer activity opinion if only the sentence which has entered validity of court will not establish guilt of the lawyer in criminal act (inactivity).
The specified restrictions do not extend on civil-law responsibility of the lawyer before the principal according to the present Federal law.
3. Истребование from lawyers, and also from workers of lawyer formations, lawyer chambers or Federal chamber of lawyers of the data connected with rendering of a legal aid on concrete affairs, it is not supposed.
4. The lawyer, members of his family and their property are under state protection. Law-enforcement bodies are obliged to take necessary measures on safety of the lawyer, members of his family, safety of property belonging to them.
5. Criminal prosecution of the lawyer is carried out with observance of guarantees to the lawyer provided by the criminally-remedial legislation.
 
The code of a professional etiquette of the lawyer
 
Article 10
1. The law and morals in a trade of the lawyer above will of the principal. No wishes, requests or the instructions of the principal directed to non-observance of the law or infringement of rules, provided by the present Code, can be executed the lawyer. 
 
 The federal law from December, 4th, 2007 N 329-FZ
"About physical training and sports in the Russian Federation"
 
Chapter 1. General provisions
Article 1. A subject of regulation of the present Federal law
The present Federal law establishes legal, organizational, economic and social bases of activity in the field of physical training and sports in the Russian Federation, defines main principles of the legislation on physical training and sports.
Article 2. The basic concepts used in the present Federal law
With a view of the present Federal law following basic concepts are used:
22) the sportsman - the physical person engaged chosen kind or kinds of sports and acting at sports competitions;
23) the high-class sportsman - the sportsman having a sports rank and acting at sports competitions with a view of achievement of high sports results;
24) the trainer - the physical person who have corresponding average vocational training or the higher vocational training and carrying out carrying out with sportsmen of uchebno-training actions, and also presiding them состязательной activity for achievement of sports results;
 
Article 3. Main principles of the legislation on physical training and sports
 
The legislation on physical training and sports is based on following principles:
1) maintenance of the right of everyone on an easy approach to physical training and sports as to necessary conditions of development of physical, intellectual and moral abilities of the person, the right to employment by physical training and sports for all categories of citizens and population groups;
2) unity of standard legal base in the field of physical training and sports in all territory of the Russian Federation;
3) a combination of state regulation of relations in the field of physical training and sports with self-regulation of such relations by subjects of physical training and sports;
4) an establishment of the state guarantees of the rights of citizens in the field of physical training and sports;
5) an interdiction for discrimination and violence in the field of physical training and sports;
6) safety of a life and health of the persons who are engaged in physical training and sports, and also participants and spectators of sports actions and sports actions;
7) observance of the international contracts of the Russian Federation in the field of physical training and sports;
8) assistance to development of physical training and sports of invalids, persons with the limited possibilities of health and other groups of the population requiring raised social protection;
9) interaction of the federal enforcement authority which is carrying out functions on carrying out of a state policy, to is standard-legal regulation, rendering of the state services (including counteraction to dope application) and to management of the state property in physical training and sports sphere (further - federal enforcement authority in the field of physical training and sports), enforcement authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation, local governments with sports federations;